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Films based on oxidized starch and cellulose from barley

El Halal, Shanise Lisie Mello, Colussi, Rosana, Deon, Vinícius Gonçalves, Pinto, Vânia Zanella, Villanova, Franciene Almeida, Carreño, Neftali Lenin Villarreal, Dias, Alvaro Renato Guerra, Zavareze, Elessandra da Rosa
Carbohydrate polymers 2015 v.133 pp. 644-653
barley, biodegradability, cellulose, cellulosic fibers, crystal structure, glycerol, hulls, packaging, permeability, starch, temperature, tensile strength, thermal stability, water vapor
Starch and cellulose fibers were isolated from grains and the husk from barley, respectively. Biodegradable films of native starch or oxidized starches and glycerol with different concentrations of cellulose fibers (0%, 10% and 20%) were prepared. The films were characterized by morphological, mechanical, barrier, and thermal properties. Cellulose fibers isolated from the barley husk were obtained with 75% purity and high crystallinity. The morphology of the films of the oxidized starches, regardless of the fiber addition, was more homogeneous as compared to the film of the native starch. The addition of cellulose fibers in the films increased the tensile strength and decreased elongation. The water vapor permeability of the film of oxidized starch with 20% of cellulose fibers was lower than the without fibers. However the films with cellulose fibers had the highest decomposition with the initial temperature and thermal stability. The oxidized starch and cellulose fibers from barley have a good potential for use in packaging. The addition of cellulose fibers in starch films can contribute to the development of films more resistant that can be applied in food systems to maintain its integrity.