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A Japanese plum α-l-arabinofuranosidase/β-d-xylosidase gene is developmentally regulated by alternative splicing

Di Santo, M. Carolina, Ilina, Natalia, Pagano, Eduardo A., Sozzi, Gabriel O.
Plant science 2015 v.231 pp. 173-183
Prunus salicina, active sites, alpha-N-arabinofuranosidase, alternative splicing, amino acid sequences, complementary DNA, ethylene, ethylene production, fruiting, genes, messenger RNA, nucleotide sequences, plant tissues, plums, ripening, transcription (genetics)
A full-length cDNA clone named PsARF/XYL was obtained from Prunus salicina Lindl., and determined to encode a putative α-l-arabinofuranosidase/β-d-xylosidase belonging to glycoside hydrolase (GH, EC 3.2.1.-) family 3. Two related PsARF/XYL cDNAs were amplified, one from a fully-spliced transcript (PsARF/XYLa) and another one from an intron-retained transcript (PsARF/XYLb). The protein deduced from PsARF/XYLb is a truncated peptide at C-terminus that conserves the active-site amino acid sequence. High levels of PsARF/XYLa and PsARF/XYLb transcripts are detectable in several plant tissues. PsARF/XYLb transcripts accumulate progressively during the phase of exponential fruit growth but they become barely noticeable during on-tree ripening, or after a 6-h exposure of preclimacteric full-size plums to ethylene. In contrast, PsARF/XYLa is expressed throughout fruit development, and transcript accumulation parallels the climacteric rise in ethylene production during ripening. PsARF/XYLa expression is strongly induced in preclimacteric full-size plums after a 6-h treatment with physiologically active concentrations of ethylene. These findings suggest that PsARF/XYL gene is post-transcriptionally regulated by alternative splicing during development and that ethylene may be involved in this regulation. The isolation of a partial cDNA clone, PsARF1, is also reported. It encodes a putative cell-wall α-l-arabinofuranosidase, and its transcription is rapidly inhibited by ethylene in mature green plums.