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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alleviate oxidative stress induced by ADOR and enhance antioxidant responses of tomato plants

García-Sánchez, Mercedes, Palma, José Manuel, Ocampo, Juan Antonio, García-Romera, Inmaculada, Aranda, Elisabet
Journal of plant physiology 2014 v.171 no.6 pp. 421-428
vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae, mycorrhizal fungi, lipid peroxidation, roots, Penicillium, oxidative stress, tomatoes, glutathione transferase, hydrogen peroxide, Glomus mosseae, leaves, growth and development, superoxide dismutase, water content, root growth, enzyme activity, biomass, antioxidant activity, catalase, olives
The behaviour of tomato plants inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi grown in the presence of aqueous extracts from dry olive residue (ADOR) was studied in order to understand how this symbiotic relationship helps plants to cope with oxidative stress caused by ADOR. The influence of AM symbiosis on plant growth and other physiological parameters was also studied. Tomato plants were inoculated with the AM fungus Funneliformis mosseae and were grown in the presence of ADOR bioremediated and non-bioremediated by Coriolopsis floccosa and Penicillium chrysogenum-10. The antioxidant response as well as parameters of oxidative damage were examined in roots and leaves. The data showed a significant increase in the biomass of AM plant growth in the presence of ADOR, regardless of whether it was bioremediated. The establishment and development of the symbiosis were negatively affected after plants were exposed to ADOR. No differences were observed in the relative water content (RWC) or PS II efficiency between non-AM and AM plants. The increase in the enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD; EC, catalase (CAT; EC and glutathione-S-transferase (GST; EC were simultaneous to the reduction of MDA levels and H2O2 content in AM root growth in the presence of ADOR. Similar H2O2 levels were observed among non-AM and AM plants, although only AM plants showed reduced lipid peroxidation content, probably due to the involvement of antioxidant enzymes. The results highlight how the application of both bioremediated ADOR and AM fungi can alleviate the oxidative stress conditions, improving the growth and development of tomato plants.