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In vivo anthelmintic activity of crude extracts of Radix angelicae pubescentis, Fructus bruceae, Caulis spatholobi, Semen aesculi, and Semen pharbitidis against Dactylogyrus intermedius (Monogenea) in goldfish (Carassius auratus)

Author:
Liu, You-Tao, Wang, Fan, Wang, Gao-Xue, Han, Jing, Wang, Yong, Wang, Yong-Hua
Source:
Parasitology research 2010 v.106 no.5 pp. 1233-1239
ISSN:
0932-0113
Subject:
Aesculus, Angelica, Brucea javanica, Carassius auratus, Dactylogyrus, Ipomoea purpurea, Spatholobus, acetates, anthelmintics, chloroform, ethers, fruits, goldfish, methanol, petroleum, plant extracts, roots, seeds, stems
Abstract:
In search of a natural antiparasitic, in vivo anthelmintic activity of petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol, and aqueous extracts of Angelica pubescens roots (Radix angelicae pubescentis), Brucea javanica fruits (Fructus bruceae), Spatholobus suberectus stems (Caulis spatholobi), Aesculus chinensis Bge. seeds (Semen aesculi), and Pharbitis purpurea (L.) Voigt seeds (Semen pharbitidis) were tested against Dactylogyrus intermedius (Monogenea) in goldfish (Carassius auratus). Among the extracts tested, the methanolic and aqueous extracts of S. aesculi were observed to be more efficient than the other plant extracts with EC₅₀ and EC₉₀ values of 5.23 and 7.33 mg/L and 6.48 and 12.29 mg/L after 48 h, respectively, followed by methanolic extracts of Fructus bruceae, Radix angelicae pubescentis, Caulis spatholobi, and Semen pharbitidis with EC₅₀ 49.96, 57.45, 64.92, and 309.47 mg/L. The methanolic and aqueous extracts of S. aesculi exhibited potential results and can be exploited as a preferred natural antiparasitic for the control of D. intermedius.
Agid:
541615