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Acetylene compound isolated from Atractylodes japonica stimulates the contractility of rat distal colon via inhibiting the nitrergic–purinergic relaxation

Choi, Keun Han, Jeong, Seung Il, Lee, Jun Ho, Hwang, Byung Soon, Lee, Seoul, Choi, Bong Kyu, Jung, Kyu Yong
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2011 v.134 no.1 pp. 104-110
Atractylodes, acetylene, atropine, colon, fractionation, muscle contraction, muscles, rats, rhizomes, suramin
AIM OF THE STUDY: Our previous research has showed that rhizome of Atractylodes japonica Koidz (Compositae) exhibits an increase in the spontaneous contractility of distal colon in rats. The aims of this study are to identify the phytochemical(s), which stimulate(s) the colonic contractility, contained in Atractylodes japonica and to evaluate the pharmacological mechanism responsible for the colonic muscle contraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the stimulatory activity-guided fractionation on the isometric contraction of rat distal colonic strips, atractylodiol (ATD) and diacetyl-atractylodiol (DATD) were isolated from the CHCl₃ fractions of Atractylodes japonica. RESULTS: ATD and DATD dose-dependently increased both tension and amplitude of distal colon longitudinal muscle (DCLM), but they stimulated only amplitude in the distal colon circular muscle. The ED₅₀ values of ATD and DATD to stimulate the amplitude of DCLM were revealed as 9.1×10⁻⁹M and 1.8×10⁻⁸M, respectively. l-NAME (0.1mM) significantly increased the ADT (1μM)-induced contraction of DCLM, whereas SNAP (0.1mM) markedly reduced the stimulatory effects of ATD on DCLM contractility. The combined effects of SNAP and atropine (0.5μM) on the ATD-induced contraction of DCLM were similar to the inhibitory effects of SNAP alone. Suramin (0.1mM) significantly enhanced the increase of ATD-induced DCLM contraction, whereas ADPβS (0.1mM) markedly abolished the stimulatory effects of ATD on the spontaneous contractility of DCLM. CONCLUSIONS: The present results demonstrate that acetylene compounds, ATD and DATD, are the effective phytochemical of Atractylodes japonica to stimulate the motility of distal colon in rats, and ATD possibly enhances the spontaneous contractility of distal colon through inhibiting the mechanism of nitrergic–purinergic relaxation.