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Effect of water content and temperature on inactivation kinetics of myrosinase in broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica)

Oliviero, T., Verkerk, R., Van Boekel, M.A.J.S., Dekker, M.
Food chemistry 2014 v.163 pp. 197-201
Brassica oleracea var. italica, broccoli, enzymatic hydrolysis, freeze drying, glucosinolates, health promotion, human health, inactivation temperature, isothiocyanates, kinetics, thioglucosidase, water content
Broccoli belongs to the Brassicaceae plant family consisting of widely eaten vegetables containing high concentrations of glucosinolates. Enzymatic hydrolysis of glucosinolates by endogenous myrosinase (MYR) can form isothiocyanates with health-promoting activities. The effect of water content (WC) and temperature on MYR inactivation in broccoli was investigated. Broccoli was freeze dried obtaining batches with WC between 10% and 90% (aw from 0.10 to 0.96). These samples were incubated for various times at different temperatures (40–70°C) and MYR activity was measured. The initial MYR inactivation rates were estimated by the first-order reaction kinetic model. MYR inactivation rate constants were lower in the driest samples (10% WC) at all studied temperatures. Samples with 67% and 90% WC showed initial inactivation rate constants all in the same order of magnitude. Samples with 31% WC showed intermediate initial inactivation rate constants. These results are useful to optimise the conditions of drying processes to produce dried broccoli with optimal MYR retention for human health.