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Technological aspects as the main impact on quality of quince liquors
- Carbonell-Barrachina, Ángel A., Szychowski, Przemysław J., Vásquez, María Verónica, Hernández, Francisca, Wojdyło, Aneta
- Food chemistry 2015 v.167 pp. 387-395
- alcoholic beverages, antioxidant activity, flavanols, flavonols, fruits, phenolic acids, phytopharmaceuticals, polyphenols, quinces
- Phytochemical profiles of 24 quince liquors were studied as the combination of technologically variant. Liquors were obtained after macerating quinces from three varieties (Vranja, ALM3 and ZM2), with or without skin, at two ratios of quince:ethanol (50:50 and 25:75), and at two alcohol content (60% and 30%). Polyphenols were identified by LC-PDA-QTOF/MS and quantified by UPLC-PDA and UPLC-FL. A total of 18 polyphenolic compounds were identified and classified as 5 flavan-3-ols, 5 phenolic acids, and 8 flavonols. Flavan-3-ols were the most abundant group followed by hydroxycinnamates and flavonols. The highest contents of total polyphenols (∼1000mg/100mL) and antioxidant activity (37.1mmol Trolox/100mL) were found in the liquors prepared using fruits with skin and 50:50 quince:ethanol ratio. The skin of quinces was the main source of phenolic acids and especially flavonols. The high antioxidant activity and polyphenolic content of quince liquor may be deemed as a promising new alcoholic beverage.