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Analysis and characterisation of phytochemicals in mulberry (Morus alba L.) fruits grown in Vojvodina, North Serbia

Natić, Maja M., Dabić, Dragana Č., Papetti, Adele, Fotirić Akšić, Milica M., Ognjanov, Vladislav, Ljubojević, Mirjana, Tešić, Živoslav Lj.
Food chemistry 2015 v.171 pp. 128-136
Morus alba, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, coumaric acids, esters, flavonols, free radical scavengers, frozen fruit, fruits, iron, mulberries, phytopharmaceuticals, polyphenols, reducing agents, spectrometers, superoxide anion, ultra-performance liquid chromatography, Serbia
In this study, the polyphenolic profile of 11 Morus alba fruits grown in the Vojvodina region was investigated. Ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with Linear Trap Quadrupole and OrbiTrap mass analyzer, and UHPLC coupled with a diode array detector and a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer were used for the identification and quantification of the polyphenols, respectively. A total of 14 hydroxycinnamic acid esters, 13 flavonol glycosides, and 14 anthocyanins were identified in the extracts with different distributions and contents according to the sampling. The total phenolic content ranged from 43.84 to 326.29mg GAE/100g frozen fruit. The radical scavenging capacity (50.18–86.79%), metal chelating ability (0.21–8.15%), ferric ion reducing power (0.03–38.45μM ascorbic acid) and superoxide anion radical scavenging activity (16.53–62.83%) were assessed. The findings indicated that mulberry polyphenolics may act as potent superoxide anion radical scavengers and reducing agents.