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Dipeptide Phe-Cys derived from in silico thermolysin-hydrolysed RuBisCO large subunit suppresses oxidative stress in cultured human hepatocytes

Je, Jae-Young, Cho, Young-Sook, Gong, Min, Udenigwe, Chibuike C.
Food chemistry 2015 v.171 pp. 287-291
Western blotting, antioxidants, bioinformatics, catalase, glutathione, hepatocytes, humans, lipid peroxidation, microalgae, oxidants, oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species, ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase, superoxide dismutase
A dipeptide (Phe-Cys) was predicted to be bioactive following bioinformatics analysis of the large subunit of plant and microalgae ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBisCO), which was hydrolysed in silico with thermolysin. The peptide was synthesised and found to possess in vitro reducing potential and inhibitory activity against lipid peroxidation, comparable to the activity of glutathione. In cultured Chang human hepatocytes, 2.5–10μM Phe-Cys was found to induce the suppression of reactive oxygen species formation and membrane lipid peroxidation in oxidative stressed cells. Intracellular glutathione levels were found to increase in the peptide-treated cells under normal condition, which can potentially contribute in protecting the cells from oxidative damage. Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that the levels of antioxidant enzymes, catalase and superoxide dismutase-1, increased in the hepatic cells when treated with Phe-Cys in the presence of the oxidant. The results show that this peptide has great potential to be used against oxidative stress-induced health conditions.