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Mineral profile of Spanish commercial baby food
- Mir-Marqués, Alba, González-Masó, Anna, Cervera, M. Luisa, de la Guardia, Miguel
- Food chemistry 2015 v.172 pp. 238-244
- Adequate Intakes, Estimated Average Requirement, adulthood, calcium, fish, infant foods, infants, iron, jars, markets, meat, mineral content, vegetables, zinc, Spain
- Commercial baby foods are an important part of the daily intake of babies from 6 to 12months. The mineral profile of commercial baby foods in Spain was determined to establish levels of essential and non-essential elements, and their contribution to adequate intake (AI) and estimated average requirement (EAR). Thirty-five jars of commercial foods containing meat, fish, vegetables and fruit were obtained from the Spanish market and the mineral composition determined for 14 elements. In general, the baby foods analysed were sufficient for an adequate mineral intake, but contributions to AI and EAR for iron, zinc and calcium were very low (5–20%, 10–60% and 10–70%, respectively). This deficiency could be associated with growth problems or diseases in adulthood, and fortification of commercial products is recommended.