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Analysis of free nucleotide monophosphates in human milk and effect of pasteurisation or high-pressure processing on their contents by capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry

Mateos-Vivas, María, Rodríguez-Gonzalo, Encarnación, Domínguez-Álvarez, Javier, García-Gómez, Diego, Ramírez-Bernabé, Rosario, Carabias-Martínez, Rita
Food chemistry 2015 v.174 pp. 348-355
breast milk, capillary electrophoresis, detection limit, freezing, high pressure treatment, mass spectrometry, milk banks, nucleotides, pasteurization, statistical analysis, ultrafiltration
A simple, efficient and green analytical method for the determination of free nucleotide monophosphates in human milk is proposed. It involves centrifugal ultrafiltration (CUF) as sample treatment and capillary electrophoresis–electrospray mass spectrometry (CE–ESI-MS) for separation and simultaneous quantification.The optimised method, applied to the analysis of human milk samples, included their dilution (1:5) with water followed by CUF treatment. No matrix effects were found. The method provided limits of detection between 0.08 and 0.13μgmL−1 and limits of quantification between 0.26 and 0.43μgmL−1. The intralaboratory repeatability and reproducibility afforded relative standard deviation values lower than 10%.The method was applied to the study of the effects of Holder pasteurisation and high-pressure processing on the nucleotide contents in samples from a human milk bank. The results showed concentration values between 0.5 and 10μgmL−1, with higher concentrations for the samples treated by pasteurisation. The effect of freezing time on the content of nucleotides was also assessed.