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Comparison of UPLC and HPLC methods for determination of vitamin C

Klimczak, Inga, Gliszczyńska-Świgło, Anna
Food chemistry 2015 v.175 pp. 100-105
ascorbic acid, beverages, dehydroascorbic acid, detection limit, drugs, fruit juices, high performance liquid chromatography, quantitative analysis, rapid methods, ultra-performance liquid chromatography
Ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods for determination of ascorbic acid (AA) and total AA (TAA) contents (as the sum of AA and dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) after its reduction to AA) in fruit beverages and in pharmaceutical preparations were compared. Both methods are rapid: total time of analysis was 15 and 6min for HPLC and UPLC methods, respectively. The methods were validated in terms of linearity, instrument precision, limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ), accuracy and recovery. Intra- and inter-day instrument precisions for fruit juices, expressed as RSD, were 2.2% and 2.4% for HPLC, respectively, and 1.7% and 1.9% for UPLC, respectively. For vitamin C tablets, inter- and intra-day precisions were 0.4% and 0.5%, respectively (HPLC), and 0.5% and 0.3%, respectively (UPLC). Both methods were sensitive: LOD was 0.049μg/mL for HPLC and 0.024μg/mL for UPLC while LOQs were 0.149 and 0.073μg/mL for HPLC and UPLC, respectively. These methods could be useful in the routine qualitative and quantitative analysis of AA or TAA in pharmaceutical preparations or fruit beverages. However, UPLC method is more sensitive, faster and consumes less eluent.