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Acetylation of barnyardgrass starch with acetic anhydride under iodine catalysis

Bartz, Josiane, Goebel, Jorge Tiago, Giovanaz, Marcos Antônio, Zavareze, Elessandra da Rosa, Schirmer, Manoel Artigas, Dias, Alvaro Renato Guerra
Food chemistry 2015 v.178 pp. 236-242
Echinochloa crus-galli, acetic anhydride, acetylation, catalysts, catalytic activity, corrosion, crystal structure, enthalpy, gelatinization, granules, industry, invasive species, iodine, paddies, pastes, pasting properties, starch, temperature, viscosity, wastes
Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) is an invasive plant that is difficult to control and is found in abundance as part of the waste of the paddy industry. In this study, barnyardgrass starch was extracted and studied to obtain a novel starch with potential food and non-food applications. We report some of the physicochemical, functional and morphological properties as well as the effect of modifying this starch with acetic anhydride by catalysis with 1, 5 or 10mM of iodine. The extent of the introduction of acetyl groups increased with increasing iodine levels as catalyst. The shape of the granules remained unaltered, but there were low levels of surface corrosion and the overall relative crystallinity decreased. The pasting temperature, enthalpy and other gelatinisation temperatures were reduced by the modification. There was an increase in the viscosity of the pastes, except for the peak viscosity, which was strongly reduced in 10mM iodine.