Main content area

Comparison of the Virucidal Effects of Disinfectant Agents Against Equine Influenza A Virus

Yamanaka, Takashi, Bannai, Hiroshi, Tsujimura, Koji, Nemoto, Manabu, Kondo, Takashi, Matsumura, Tomio
Journal of equine veterinary science 2014 v.34 no.5 pp. 715-718
Influenza A virus, allantoic fluid, biosecurity, disinfectants, disinfection, eggs, equine influenza, iodine, organic matter, potassium, quaternary ammonium compounds, sodium chloride, sodium dichloroisocyanurate, temperature
Disinfection is one of the most important biosecurity measures to minimize disease spread during outbreaks of equine influenza. Although many disinfectants are commercially available, information about their effects against equine influenza A virus (EIV) is limited. This report describes an evaluation of the effects of six disinfectants against EIV (∼104.7 egg infectious dose 50/200 μL) under different conditions (reaction time [10 and/or 30 minutes], temperature [4°C–25°C], and the absence and/or presence of uninfected allantoic fluid that served as our best choice of “organic matter” equivalent). Although the efficacy of didecyldimethylammonium chloride decreased with decreasing reaction temperature, the compound showed the highest efficacy of the three quaternary ammonium compounds tested in this study. The effects of sodium dichloroisocyanurate and nonoxynol iodine were not affected by reaction time or temperature, but they were affected by the presence of organic matter. Antec Virkon S containing potassium peroxymonosulfate and sodium chloride consistently inactivated EIV regardless of reaction time, temperature, and the presence of organic matter. These findings will help us to take rational biosecurity measures during outbreaks of equine influenza.