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Characterization of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) in retail meat

Bhargava, Kanika, Zhang, Yifan
Food microbiology 2014 v.42 pp. 56-60
Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus lentus, Staphylococcus pasteuri, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Staphylococcus sciuri, Staphylococcus vitulinus, antibiotic resistance, beef, chickens, chromosomes, coagulase negative staphylococci, methicillin, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, sequence analysis, species identification
This study was to understand the extent of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) serving as a mecA reservoir in retail meat. MRCoNS were isolated from retail meat (beef, chicken, and turkey) in Detroit and characterized by sodA gene sequencing for species identification, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Unique MRCoNS isolates recovered from 25 meat samples were comprised of Staphylococcus sciuri (n = 13), Staphylococcus fleuretti (n = 4), Staphylococcus lentus (n = 3), Staphylococcus epidermidis (n = 2), Staphylococcus vitulinus (n = 1), Staphylococcus saprophyticus (n = 1) and Staphylococcus pasteuri (n = 1). Heterogeneous and composite SCCmec types, including I, III, IV, V, I + V and III + V were identified in 16 isolates. Same SCCmec types were recovered in different staphylococcal species and meat sources. Indistinguishable PFGE patterns were also observed in S. sciuri isolated from beef, chicken, and turkey, and with different SCCmec types. In conclusion, multiple CoNS species can serve as reservoirs for mecA. In addition to the clonal transmission of MRCoNS in meat, horizontal occurrence of SCCmec is observed in staphylococcal species.