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Aflatoxin M1 in milk and dairy products, occurrence and recent challenges: A review

Iqbal, S.Z., Jinap, S., Pirouz, A.A., Ahmad Faizal, A.R.
Trends in food science & technology 2015 v.46 no.1 pp. 110-119
adults, aflatoxin M1, analytical methods, children, developed countries, developing countries, food contamination, human health, infants, law enforcement, milk, toxicity
Milk is a highly nutritious food, and it is a source of necessary macro- and micronutrients for the growth, development and maintenance of human health. However, it may also be a source of natural food contaminants that may cause disease. The presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk and dairy products throughout the world has been known since twenty to thirty ago. Milk and dairy products contamination with aflatoxin M1 is important problem worldwide especially for developing countries for the last ten to twenty years.The presence of this mycotoxin in these products is important issue, especially for children and infants, who are more susceptible than adults. This review provides information regarding the occurrence of AFM1 in milk and dairy products in many regions of the world, its stability during processing and some reduction strategies. In this review the toxicity, occurrence of AFM1 in milk and dairy products (preferably for the last 5 years), regulations, strategies for its reduction, latest developments in detection methodologies and future challenges are described.Strict regulations and adapting good storage practices in developed countries have minimized the contamination of AFM1 in milk and dairy products. The current advancements in analytical techniques have helped the law enforcement agencies to implement strict regulations. Furthermore, the improvement in analytical facility and increasing the awareness related to the health effects of AFM1 in milk and dairy products could minimize its occurrence level in developing countries.