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Methyl jasmonate induces resistance against Penicillium citrinum in Chinese bayberry by priming of defense responses

Wang, Kaituo, Jin, Peng, Han, Lin, Shang, Haitao, Tang, Shuangshuang, Rui, Huaijin, Duan, Yangfeng, Kong, Fanyuan, Kai, Xu, Zheng, Yonghua
Postharvest biology and technology 2014 v.98 pp. 90-97
Morella rubra, Penicillium citrinum, chitinase, disease resistance, fungal diseases of plants, hydrogen peroxide, induced resistance, lignin, methyl jasmonate, phenolic compounds, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, phytoalexins, plant pathogenic fungi, postharvest treatment
Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) can act as an activator of defense responses in plants against pathogenic infection. However, the mechanisms involved in the postharvest induction of resistance by MeJA in fruit are largely unknown. Thus, we investigated the effect of a postharvest MeJA treatment on disease resistance against Penicillium citrinum infection in Chinese bayberries and the possible mechanisms. The results indicated that treatment with 10μmolL−1 of MeJA significantly inhibited green mould rot caused by P. citrinum, with the decay incidence being 66.2% lower than that of the control fruit after storage at 1°C for 8 d. Moreover, it is clear that MeJA triggers a priming mechanism in Chinese bayberries, since only the MeJA-treated fruit showed an enhanced capacity to augment defense responses upon challenge with the pathogen. These augmented responses included an H2O2 burst, enhanced protein levels of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and chitinase, and accumulation of phenolic compounds, lignin and phytoalexin. Therefore, our results suggest that a postharvest MeJA treatment induces disease resistance against P. citrinum in Chinese bayberries by priming of defense responses.