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Olive leaves offer more than phenolic compounds – Fatty acids and mineral composition of varieties from Southern Brazil

Cavalheiro, Caroline Viegas, Picoloto, Rochele Sogari, Cichoski, Alexandre José, Wagner, Roger, de Menezes, Cristiano Ragagnin, Zepka, Leila Queiroz, Da Croce, Dorli Mário, Barin, Juliano Smanioto
Industrial crops and products 2015 v.71 pp. 122-127
aluminum, calcium, carbohydrates, copper, dietary supplements, fatty acid composition, feeds, iron, leaves, linolenic acid, magnesium, mineral content, nutritive value, olives, omega-3 fatty acids, palmitic acid, phenolic compounds, potassium, proximate composition, Brazil
The chemical composition of olive leaves cultivated in Southern Brazil was evaluated regarding proximate composition, total phenolic compounds, fatty acids profile, and macro- and microelements. For the varieties Ascolano, Arbosana, Negrinha do Freixó, Koroneiki, and Grappolo the concentrations of ash, protein, lipid, and total carbohydrates ranged from 4.37% to 6.00%, 10.50% to 13.10%, 9.13% to 9.80%, and 8.74% to 32.63%, respectively. Arbosana was the variety with the highest concentration of total phenolic compounds (35.71mg GAE g−1), and the higher concentration of saturated fatty acids (37.26%, mainly palmitic acid). All varieties presented similar concentrations of oleic (from 19.80 to 21.50%), linoleic (from 6.84 to 8.26%), and linolenic (from 34.40 to 41.30%) acids. The high content of linolenic acid found in olive leaves turns this by-product into an interesting source of n-3 PUFA (linolenic acid) in addition to phenolic compounds. The mineral elements observed in higher concentrations in the varieties studied were Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, P, and S. However, if the recommended daily intake is considered for consumption of 50g of leaves, the amount of Fe consumed reached the recommended dose while the amount of Cu exceeds the recommended value for all varieties. The results showed the importance of the constitution of these varieties, which could be used as supplements in food or to feed animals and increase the nutritional value of their products.