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Antibacterial activity of plant essential oils and extracts: The role of thyme essential oil, nisin, and their combination to control Listeria monocytogenes inoculated in minced fish meat

Abdollahzadeh, Esmail, Rezaei, Masoud, Hosseini, Hedayat
Food control 2014 v.35 no.1 pp. 177-183
Listeria monocytogenes, agar, antibacterial properties, cinnamon, essential oils, fish meat, foodborne illness, minced fish, mortality, nisin, patients, rosemary, thyme, turmeric
Food poisoning caused by Listeria monocytogenes leads to a 30% rate of mortality among patients. The antibacterial activity of cinnamon, thyme, and rosemary essential oils (EOs) and shallot and turmeric extracts was tested against L. monocytogenes using agar well and disc diffusion techniques. Results showed that thyme EO had the highest antimicrobial activity, followed by cinnamon and rosemary EOs, respectively. The antilisterial activity of thyme EO at 0.4%, 0.8%, and 1.2% levels, nisin at 500 or 1000 IU/g level, and their combination against L. monocytogenes was examined in minced fish samples. The antilisterial properties of nisin were also investigated in cooked minced fish treatments. Nisin at 500 or 1000 IU/g in the minced fish meat demonstrated bacteriostatic activity against L. monocytogenes. The use of thyme EO at 0.8% and 1.2% reduced the L. monocytogenes viable count below 2 log cfu/g after 6 days. Furthermore, simultaneous use of thyme EO at 0.8% and 1.2%, and nisin at 500 or 1000 IU/g level, reduced the L. monocytogenes viable count below 2 log cfu/g after the second day of storage. The antilisterial activity of nisin in the cooked minced fish samples was slightly stronger than that of the raw group.