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Development and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay on rapid and sensitive detection of rotavirus in fecal samples and artificially seeded oysters
- Kou, Xiaoxia, Fan, Hongying, Wu, Qingping, Xue, Liang, Zhang, Jumei
- Food control 2014 v.41 pp. 151-157
- RNA, Rotavirus, betaine, color, cross reaction, detection limit, feces, gel electrophoresis, genome, magnesium sulfate, monitoring, oysters, reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification, risk assessment, turbidity
- A reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for detection of rotavirus. Four primers were designed to recognize six distinct regions based on a highly conserved sequence in the VP7 region of the rotavirus genome. The optimal conditions for the LAMP assay were determined to 62 °C for 60 min with 8.0 mM MgSO4, 0.2 M betaine, 0.8 mM dNTPs, 0.2 μM each of outer primer, 1.6 μM each of inner primer. After amplification the products were detected either by observing a ladder pattern following gel electrophoresis, observation of turbidity, or a color change with the addition of SYBR Green I to the reaction tube. A ladder pattern of bands after gel electrophoresis was observed for only rotavirus isolates and showed that the rotavirus RT-LAMP assay was highly specific without any cross-reactivity with norovirus and astrovirus. The RT-LAMP assay was evaluated further using 79 fecal samples and 32 artificially seeded oyster samples. The detection limit of the RT-LAMP assay was 0.5 pg of rotavirus RNA. The sensitivity and simplicity of the test can served as a rapid and economic method for routine monitoring and risk assessment from clinical samples or marine products in both field conditions and laboratory settings.