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Combined effects of slightly acidic electrolyzed water and fumaric acid on the reduction of foodborne pathogens and shelf life extension of fresh pork

Mansur, Ahmad Rois, Tango, Charles Nkufi, Kim, Gwang-Hee, Oh, Deog-Hwan
Food control 2015 v.47 pp. 277-284
Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, acidity, antibacterial properties, bacteria, color, decontamination, electrolyzed water, food pathogens, fumaric acid, heat, methodology, odors, pork, shelf life, tap water, texture
This study evaluated the efficacy of the individual treatments (slightly acidic electrolyzed water [SAcEW] or fumaric acid [FA]) and their combination to reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella Typhimurium in fresh pork as well as to study the shelf life and sensory quality (color, odor, and texture) of pork during storage at 4 and 10 °C. The inoculated pork samples (10 g) were dipped for 3 min in each treatment (tap water [TW], SAcEW, strong acidic electrolyzed water [StAEW], 0.5% FA, or SAcEW + 0.5% FA) with or without mild heat (40 °C). Decontamination of fresh pork with SAcEW +0.5% FA at 40 °C for 3 min showed greater bactericidal effect compared to other treatments, which significantly (P < 0.05) reduced E. coli O157:H7, L. monocytogenes, S. aureus, and S. Typhimurium by 2.59, 2.69, 2.38, and 2.99 log CFU/g, respectively. This combined treatment significantly (P < 0.05) yielded in a longer lag time of naturally occurring bacteria (TBC) on pork stored at 4 °C. This combined treatment also prolonged the shelf life of pork up to 6 days and 4–5 days when stored at 4 °C and 10 °C, respectively, compared to those of the untreated pork. The results suggest that the combined treatment of SAcEW + 0.5% FA has potential as a novel method to enhance the microbial safety and quality of fresh pork.