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The bactericidal activity of acidic electrolyzed oxidizing water against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes on raw fish, chicken and beef surfaces

Al-Holy, Murad A., Rasco, Barbara A.
Food control 2015 v.54 pp. 317-321
Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, antibacterial properties, beef, blood, chickens, chlorine, food pathogens, legs, organic matter, pH, raw fish, trout
The bactericidal efficacy of acidic electrolyzed oxidizing water (AC-EW) (pH = 2.30, free chlorine = 38 ppm) and sterile distilled water (DW) on three pathogens (Escherichia coli O157:H7 Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes) inoculated on raw trout skin, chicken legs and beef meat surfaces was evaluated. The decontaminating effect of AC-EW and DW was tested for 0 (control), 1, 3, 5 and 10 min at 22 °C. AC-EW significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the three pathogens in the inoculated samples compared to the control and DW. The level of reduction ranged between ca.1.5–1.6 logs for E. coli O157:H7 and S. Typhimurium in the inoculated foods. However, AC-EW exhibited less bactericidal effect against L. monocytogenes (1.1–1.3 logs reduction). AC-EW elicited about 1.6–2.0 log reduction in the total mesophilic count. Similar treatment with DW reduced pathogens load by ca. 0.2–1.0 log reduction and total mesophiles by ca. 0.5–0.7 logs. No complete elimination of the three pathogens was obtained using AC-EW possibly because of the level of organic matter and blood moving from food samples to the AC-EW solution. This study demonstrates that AC-EW could considerably reduce common foodborne pathogens in fish, chicken and beef products.