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Melamine detection in milk using vibrational spectroscopy and chemometrics analysis: A review

Domingo, Elisângela, Tirelli, Aline Auxiliadora, Nunes, Cleiton Antonio, Guerreiro, Mario César, Pinto, Sandra Maria
Food research international 2014 v.60 pp. 131-139
adulterated products, adverse effects, chemical composition, chemometrics, dried milk, food analysis, food contamination, food industry, food processing, melamine, milk, product authenticity, provenance, quality control, spectroscopy, China
Major advances in the field of chemometrics combined with the use of vibrational spectroscopy have proven essential for the identification and quantification of food contaminants. These techniques, which have guided the work of regulatory agencies overlooking the food industry, can be readily applied to monitor food processing, quality control, and quality assurance. These processes can ensure product authenticity with respect to variety, geographical origin, and presence or absence of contaminants. Food analysis by vibrational spectroscopy provides overall chemical composition of the tested food sample; therefore, it is widely considered to be a highly reliable and empirical fingerprints of that samples. In 2008, melamine adulteration of milk powder in China resulted in devastatingly adverse effects for both consumers and the overall Chinese economy at large. As a result, regulatory agencies have markedly increased their interest in using fast, reliable, and accurate methods for identifying food contaminants. In this article, we provide a detailed overview of the uses of vibrational spectroscopy methods and chemometrics for the detection and quantification of melamine in dairy products.