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Effects of solar radiation on hair and photoprotection

Dario, Michelli F., Baby, André R., Velasco, Maria Valéria R.
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2015 v.153 pp. 240-246
UV filters, adverse effects, antioxidants, color, light intensity, mechanical properties, photostability, pigments, protein content, relative humidity, silicone, solar radiation, surface roughness, temperature, wavelengths
In this paper the negative effects of solar radiation (ultraviolet, visible and infrared wavelengths) on hair properties like color, mechanical properties, luster, protein content, surface roughness, among others, will be discussed. Despite knowing that radiation damages hair, there are no consensus about the particular effect of each segment of solar radiation on the hair shaft. The hair photoprotection products are primarily targeted to dyed hair, specially auburn pigments, and gray shades. They are usually based on silicones, antioxidants and quaternary chemical UV filters that have more affinity for negatively charged hair surface and present higher efficacy. Unfortunately, there are no regulated parameters, like for skin photoprotection, for efficacy evaluation of hair care products, which makes impossible to compare the results published in the literature. Thus, it is important that researchers make an effort to apply experimental conditions similar to a real level of sun exposure, like dose, irradiance, time, temperature and relative humidity.