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Dioxinodehydroeckol protects human keratinocyte cells from UVB-induced apoptosis modulated by related genes Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase pathway

Ryu, BoMi, Ahn, Byul-Nim, Kang, Kyong-Hwa, Kim, Young-Sang, Li, Yong-Xin, Kong, Chang-Suk, Kim, Se-Kwon, Kim, Dong Gyu
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2015 v.153 pp. 352-357
DNA, Ecklonia, apoptosis, caspases, erythema, genes, humans, irradiation, keratinocytes, leather tanning, protective effect, sunburn, ultraviolet radiation
Although ultraviolet B (UVB) has a low level of skin penetration, it readily results in epidermal sunburn of keratinocytes that are destined to apoptosis after sun expose, and leads to DNA damage.Dioxinodehydroeckol (DHE), a phlorotannin from Ecklonia cava has been explored for its preventive activity against UVB-induced apoptosis in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells; however, the protective effects of treatment with low doses of DHE on UVB-damaged cells post-UVB exposure and their underlying mechanisms still remain unclear.The HaCaT cells were exposed to 20mJcm−2 of UVB irradiation which is the minimal erythema dose (MED) for individuals to be able to tan, and the expression levels of Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3,-8, -9 which are associated genes with apoptosis were investigated when we either treated cells with DHE doses after UVB irradiation or exposed them to UVB only.Our results suggest insight into proposed mechanistic pathway of protective activity of DHE on the HaCaT cells from UVB-induced apoptosis, indicating the benefit of DHE as a repair agent for skin damage against UVB.