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Mites (Acari) associated with Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Malaysia, with a revised list of the mites found on this weevil

Masilamany Dilipkumar, Ali Ahadiyat, Peter Mašán, Tse Seng Chuah
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2015 v.18 no.2 pp. 169-174
Macrocheles, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, elytra, evolution, females, insects, males, mites, parasitism, phoresy, Malaysia
There is a great deal of diversity among phoretic association particularly in mesostigmatic mites that exploited insect host to complete their dispersal strategy. Similarly, the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, also has been used as a carrier by the phoretic mites. In this study, we found Centrouropoda almerodai (Uropodidae), Macrocheles mammifer, Macrocheles cf. oigru (Macrochelidae), Uroobovella assamomarginata and Uroobovella javae (Dinychidae) as the phoretic mites associated with the Malaysian red palm weevils. Male weevils had significantly greater number of mites per host as compared to the female weevils. Present study revealed that the red palm weevils were infested with very large numbers of phoretic mites which occur mainly under the elytra. Our results combined with those in the literatures suggest the potential role of phoresy in the evolution of parasitism.