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The evaluation of sugar content and firmness of non-climacteric pears based on voltammetric electronic tongue

Wei, Zhenbo, Wang, Jun
Journal of food engineering 2013 v.117 no.1 pp. 158-164
cultivars, electrodes, electronic tongue, firmness, gold, inputs, models, palladium, pears, platinum, polymerase chain reaction, prediction, principal component analysis, silver, sugar content, titanium, tungsten
The sugar content and firmness of non-climacteric pear of different cultivars were studied by a voltammetric electronic tongue (VE-tongue). The VE-tongue self-developed in this study comprised six working electrodes (gold, silver, platinum, palladium, tungsten, and titanium electrode), an Ag/AgCl reference electrode, and a platinum auxiliary electrode. The multi-frequency large amplitude pulse voltammetry (MLAPV) was applied to the working electrodes as the scanning potential waveform,and it consisted of four frequency segments of 1Hz, 10Hz, 100Hz, and 1000Hz. In this study, five cultivars of pear from different geographical origins were tested by VE-tongue, and the firmness and sugar content of pears were tested by the traditional methods. The characteristic data (the maximum and minimum values) obtained by VE-tongue were compressed by principal component analysis (PCA), and the principal components (PCs) were taken as the input variables of principal component regression (PCR), partial least squares regression (PLSR), and least squared-support vector machines (LS-SVMs) to predict sugar content and firmness. All the models showed good results, and LS-SVM preformed best in the prediction.