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Genetic architecture of naturally occurring quantitative traits in plants: an updated synthesis
- Alonso-Blanco, Carlos, Méndez-Vigo, Belén
- Current opinion in plant biology 2014 v.18 pp. 37-43
- alleles, genetic techniques and protocols, loci, mutation, phenotype, phylogeny, plant biology, plant breeding, pleiotropy, quantitative traits
- Deciphering the genetic and molecular bases of quantitative variation is a long-standing challenge in plant biology because it is essential for understanding evolution and for accelerating plant breeding. Recent multi-trait analyses at different phenotypic levels are uncovering the pleiotropy and the genetic regulation underlying high-level complex traits. Thus, the number of known causal loci, genes and nucleotide polymorphisms is expanding. Current plant causal catalogs contain ∼400 genes and natural polymorphisms revealing several dysfunctional allelic series that involve multiple mutations. In addition, repeated evolution of quantitative traits mediated by large effect alleles is found across plant phylogeny. Finally, systematic analyses of genetic and environmental interactions are beginning to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of relevant interactions.