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HCV F protein amplifies the predictions of IL-28B and CTLA-4 polymorphisms about the susceptibility and outcomes of HCV infection in Southeast China

Xiao, Wen, Zhang, Qi, Deng, Xiao Zhao, Jiang, Long Feng, Zhu, Dan Yan, Pei, Jia Ping, Ge, Chi Yu, Li, Bing Jun, Wang, Chang Jun, Zhang, Jing Hai, Zhou, Zhen Xian, Ding, Wei Liang, Xu, Xiao Dong, Yue, Ming
Infection, genetics, and evolution 2015 v.34 pp. 52-60
Chinese people, Hepatitis C virus, T-lymphocytes, alleles, antibodies, cytotoxicity, gene expression, genotyping, haplotypes, messenger RNA, patients, prediction, regression analysis, risk, China
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen-4(CTLA-4) is an inhibitory receptor with great value in the progression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection related diseases. To determine the potential associations of IL-28B rs12979860 and CTLA-4 rs231775, rs3087243 and rs5742909 polymorphisms with the generation of HCV F protein, susceptibility and outcomes of HCV infection, a total of 375 healthy controls, 219 HCV spontaneous recovered patients and 600 chronic HCV patients from Southeast China were recruited and genotyped in this study. And the relative mRNA levels of CTLA-4 in T cells were detected. Logistic regression analysis showed that rs231775 A allele was associated with significantly higher rate of spontaneous viral clearance in anti-HCV F antibody negative patients (adjusted OR=0.512, P=0.008), but allele A was related to higher mRNA level of CTLA-4 with the generation of HCV F protein. And rs5742909 T allele added up to the risk of HCV infection chronicity significantly in patients with the presence of HCV F protein (adjusted OR=2.698, P=0.003). Also, the rs5742909 CC genotype, along with the presence of HCV F protein, indicated a significantly higher CTLA-4 level than that in anti-HCV F antibody negative patients. The AG+AA genotype of rs3087243 significantly increased the susceptibility to HCV infection in subjects over 56years old (adjusted OR=1.595, P=0.011). Genotype–genotype interaction between IL-28B rs12979860 and CTLA-4 rs3087243 was found to be significantly associated with increased susceptibility to HCV infection (adjusted OR=1.509, P=0.005). Haplotype analysis in CTLA-4 also showed significant association with the generation of HCV F protein. All these results indicated the importance of IL-28B and CTLA-4 polymorphisms and their associations with HCV F protein in the risk and chronicity of HCV infection in Chinese Han population in Southeast China.