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Bisphenol A induces oxidative stress and DNA damage in hepatic tissue of female rat offspring

Eid, Jehane I., Eissa, Shaymaa M., El-Ghor, Akmal A.
The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology 2015 v.71 pp. 10-19
DNA damage, adverse effects, antioxidants, biomarkers, bisphenol A, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, enzyme activity, estrogenic properties, females, histopathology, inflammation, lactation, liver, olive oil, oxidative stress, progeny, puberty, pups, rats, toxicity, weaning
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupting compound widely spread in our living environment. It is a contaminant with increasing exposure to it and exerts both toxic and estrogenic effects on mammalian cells. Due to the limited information concerning the effect of BPA on the liver, the present study was designed to assess hepatic tissue injury induced by early life exposure to BPA in female rat offspring. Rat dams (n=9) were gavaged with 0.5 and 50mgof BPA/kgb.w./day throughout lactation until weaning. The sham group received olive oil for the same duration while the control group did not receive any injection. The liver tissue was collected from female pups at different pubertal periods (PND50, 90 and 110) to evaluate oxidative stress biomarkers, extent of DNA damage and histopathological changes. Our results indicated that early life exposure to BPA significantly increased oxidative/nitrosative stress, decreased antioxidant enzyme activities, induced DNA damage and chronic severe inflammation in the hepatic tissue in a time dependent manner. These data suggested that BPA causes long-term adverse effects on the liver, which leads to deleterious effects in the liver of female rat offspring.