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Expressed sequence tag analyses of three leukocyte subpopulations in ayu Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis, separated by monoclonal antibodies

Kato, Goshi, Takano, Tomokazu, Nishiki, Issei, Kai, Wataru, Yasuike, Motoshige, Nakamura, Yoji, Fujiwara, Atushi, Sakai, Takamitsu, Matsuyama, Tomomasa, Nakayasu, Chihaya
Marine genomics 2015 v.23 pp. 123-132
phagosomes, Plecoglossus altivelis, CXCR4 receptor, complementary DNA, interleukin-1, lysosomes, blood platelets, expressed sequence tags, freshwater aquaculture, endocytosis, immunoglobulins, freshwater fish, interleukin-8, cDNA libraries, monoclonal antibodies, neutrophils, transforming growth factors, B-lymphocytes, Japan
Ayu Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis are one of the most economically important fish for freshwater aquaculture in Japan. We conducted expressed sequence tag analyses of three leukocyte subpopulations, thrombocytes, neutrophils, and B lymphocytes in ayu using a next generation sequencer. The sequencing and de novo assembly yielded 22,494, 22,733, and 16,505 contigs from the thrombocyte, neutrophil, and B lymphocyte cDNA libraries, respectively. Pathways involving endocytosis, phagosomes, and lysosomes, were found in all three cDNA libraries using pathway analysis. The thrombocyte cDNA library contained 2894 unique sequences, including CXC chemokine receptor 4 and MHC class II. Cytokine and cytokine receptor genes such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-8, IL-1 receptor (IL-1R), IL-8RA, and IL-8RB were found among the 3056 unique sequences of the neutrophil cDNA library. Typical B lymphocyte related genes such as B cell linker protein, immunoglobulin (Ig) M, IgD and transforming growth factor β were found in the 1590 unique sequences of the B lymphocyte cDNA library. In summary, a large number of immune-related genes were identified from the three leukocyte cDNA libraries. Our results represent a valuable sequence resource for understanding the immune system function in ayu.