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Boron removal from water and wastewater using new polystyrene-based resin grafted with glycidol

Kluczka, Joanna, Korolewicz, Teofil, Zołotajkin, Maria, Adamek, Jakub
Water resources and industry 2015 v.11 pp. 46-57
batch systems, boron, crosslinking, endothermy, glycidol, models, moieties, polystyrenes, sorbents, sorption, sorption isotherms, thermodynamics, wastewater
A divinylbenzene cross-linked polystyrene resin with amine functional groups (Purolite A170) was grafted with glycidol and characterized as a novel sorbent, GLY-resin, for the oxoborate removal from model solutions and post-crystallization lye. The sorption behavior of GLY-resin was investigated using a batch system. The results showed that the sorption was maximal at pH=9.5. The equilibrium was achieved after 24h. Calculations based on Langmuir model show the monolayer sorption capacity qₘ=1.3mg/g and the fitted experimental data chemisorption as a dominating mechanism of boron sorption on GLY-resin. Boron removal from the solution containing 5mg B/L and post-crystallization lye having a 9.1mg B/L was 99% and 80% respectively. The thermodynamic calculations indicated the spontaneous and endothermic nature of the sorption process. The pseudo-second-order model adequately described the boron sorption on GLY-resin. Sorption−desorption efficiency was 100%, which means the boron sorption at next cycle did not decrease.