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Genomewide association study of Aegilops tauschii traits under seedling-stage cadmium stress

Qin, Peng, Wang, Lang, Liu, Kun, Mao, Shuangshuang, Li, Zhanyi, Gao, Shang, Shi, Haoran, Liu, Yaxi
The crop journal 2015 v.3 no.5 pp. 405-415
Aegilops tauschii, Triticum aestivum, abiotic stress, cadmium, cadmium chloride, databases, genes, genetic variation, linear models, single nucleotide polymorphism, wheat, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey (country)
Aegilops tauschii Ais a wild relative of common wheat (Triticum aestivum) and acts as an important resource of elite genes including genes for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. To improve the cadmium (Cd) tolerance of wheat varieties using A. tauschii resources, we investigated the genetic variation of biomass-based Cd tolerance in 235 A. tauschii accessions treated with 0 (control) and 100μmolL−1 CdCl2 (as Cd stress). Simultaneously, we performed a genomewide association study (GWAS) using a single-nucleotide polymorphism chip containing 7185 markers. Six markers were found to be significantly associated with Cd tolerance by a general linear model and a mixed linear model. These markers were close to several candidate/flanking genes associated with Cd tolerance according to results in public databases, including pdil5-1, Acc-1, DME-5A, TaAP2-D, TaAP2-B, Vrn-B1, and FtsH-like protein gene. The A. tauschii accessions were classified as high, moderate, and low Cd-tolerant according to a secondary index, the synthetic index (SI), in proportions of 9%, 57%, and 34%, respectively. By the average SI, accessions from Afghanistan, Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Iran showed relatively high Cd tolerance.