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Linking Holocene drying trends from Lonar Lake in monsoonal central India to North Atlantic cooling events

Menzel, Philip, Gaye, Birgit, Mishra, Praveen K., Anoop, Ambili, Basavaiah, Nathani, Marwan, Norbert, Plessen, Birgit, Prasad, Sushma, Riedel, Nils, Stebich, Martina, Wiesner, Martin G.
Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 2014 v.410 pp. 164-178
amino acids, carbon, carbon nitrogen ratio, climate, drought, drying, isotopes, lakes, monsoon season, nitrogen, sediments, solar radiation, temperature, India
We present the results of biogeochemical and mineralogical analyses on a sediment core that covers the Holocene sedimentation history of the climatically sensitive, closed, saline, and alkaline Lonar Lake in the core monsoon zone in central India. We compare our results of C/N ratios, stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes, grain-size, as well as amino acid derived degradation proxies with climatically sensitive proxies of other records from South Asia and the North Atlantic region. The comparison reveals some more or less contemporaneous climate shifts. At Lonar Lake, a general long term climate transition from wet conditions during the early Holocene to drier conditions during the late Holocene, delineating the insolation curve, can be reconstructed. In addition to the previously identified periods of prolonged drought during 4.6–3.9 and 2.0–0.6calka that have been attributed to temperature changes in the Indo Pacific Warm Pool, several additional phases of shorter term climate alteration superimposed upon the general climate trend can be identified. These correlate with cold phases in the North Atlantic region. The most pronounced climate deteriorations indicated by our data occurred during 6.2–5.2, 4.6–3.9, and 2.0–0.6calka BP. The strong dry phase between 4.6 and 3.9calka BP at Lonar Lake corroborates the hypothesis that severe climate deterioration contributed to the decline of the Indus Civilisation about 3.9ka BP.