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Dioxins levels in breast milk of women living in Caserta and Naples : Assessment of environmental risk factors
- Giovannini, Armando, Rivezzi, Gaetano, Carideo, Pietro, Ceci, Roberta, Diletti, Gianfranco, Ippoliti, Carla, Migliorati, Giacomo, Piscitelli, Prisco, Ripani, Alessandro, Salini, Romolo, Scortichini, Giampiero
- Chemosphere 2014 v.94 pp. 76-84
- breast milk, buffalo milk, burning, dairy consumption, dioxins, environmental assessment, hazardous waste, risk factors, smoking (habit), solid wastes, toxicity, waste management, women, Italy
- Naples and Caserta provinces are extensively affected by the illegal dumping of hazardous and urban wastes, which were periodically set to fire. Several studies were made on the possible health impact of this illegal waste management. The aim of the study was to detect dioxins levels in breast milk of volunteer primiparae and to assess the possible source of dioxins in the affected areas. The authors determined dioxins levels in breast milk from 100 primiparae from the study area and collected anamnestic information on donors. We determined dioxins levels in breast milk from 100 primiparae from the study area and collected anamnestic information on donors. As a measure of environmental risk of dioxins (EDR) we used the interpolated values of dioxins concentration in buffalo milk samples collected in the study area. Correlations between the EDR, age of the mother, smoking habit, cheese consumption, occupation in activity at risk, presence of plants for the disposal of toxic waste or illegal burning of solid waste near the residence of the donor and dioxin level in breast milk were investigated. The dioxin level in breast milk is significantly correlated to the EDR, the age of the sampled women and the presence of illegal burning of solid waste.