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Experimental investigation and modeling of dissolved organic carbon removal by coagulation from seawater

Jeong, Sanghyun, Sathasivan, Arumugam, Kastl, George, Shim, Wang Geun, Vigneswaran, Saravanamuthu
Chemosphere 2014 v.95 pp. 310-316
adsorption, carbon, coagulation, dissolved organic carbon, ferric chloride, ferric hydroxide, fouling, hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, models, pH, seawater, surface water
Coagulation removes colloidal matters and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) which can cause irreversible membrane fouling. However, how DOC is removed by coagulant is not well-known. Jar test was used to study the removal of hydrophobic and hydrophilic DOC fractions at various doses (0.5–8.0mg-Fe+3L−1) of ferric chloride (FeCl3) and pH (5.0–9.0). Natural organic matter (NOM) in seawater and treated seawater were fractionated by liquid chromatography-organic carbon detector (LC-OCD). Compared to surface water, the removal of DOC in seawater by coagulation was remarkably different. Majority of DOC could be easily removed with very low coagulant dose (<5.0mg-Fe+3L−1) and the removal efficiency did not vary with pH, but the DOC composition in treated water had significantly changed. Hydrophobic fraction (HB) was better removed at high pH while hydrophilic fraction (HF) was better removed at low pH. A modified model of Kastl et al. (2004) which assumed that the removal occurred by adsorption of un-dissociated compounds onto ferric hydroxide was formulated and successfully validated against the jar test data.