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Transmetallation of Gd-DTPA by Fe3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ in water: Batch experiments and coagulation–flocculation simulations
- Rabiet, Marion, Letouzet, Marine, Hassanzadeh, Sepideh, Simon, Stéphane
- Chemosphere 2014 v.95 pp. 639-642
- adsorption, copper, fluorescence, gadolinium, high performance liquid chromatography, ions, iron, zinc
- The study investigates the stability of gadolinium-DTPA complex in presence of competing metallic ions, Fe3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ using batch experiments and coagulation–flocculation simulations. High performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection was used for simultaneous analysis of chelate gadolinium (Gd-DTPA) and free Gd(III) ion in water. It was shown that Cu2+ has a strong affinity for DTPA and could lead to a complete release of Gd3+. Fe3+ appeared also to compete strongly with Gd3+ for DTPA binding since up to 80% of Gd-complex was dissociated under iron excess condition. Finally, zinc had a lower influence on Gd speciation: only 15% of Gd3+ was released with addition of a 5-fold excess of Zn2+. During coagulation–flocculation simulation, Fe3+ was able to displace about 27% of Gd-DTPA, and no adsorption was observed onto flocs.