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Analysis of anthelmintics in surface water by ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry

Zrnčić, Mirta, Gros, Meritxell, Babić, Sandra, Kaštelan-Macan, Marija, Barcelo, Damia, Petrović, Mira
Chemosphere 2014 v.99 pp. 224-232
albendazole, detection limit, drugs, febantel, fenbendazole, flubendazole, mebendazole, moxidectin, oxibendazole, praziquantel, rivers, solid phase extraction, surface water, tandem mass spectrometry, triclabendazole, ultra-performance liquid chromatography, Spain
A method based on ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QqLIT-MS) has been developed to investigate occurrence of 10 anthelmintic drugs from different structural groups (moxidectin, flubendazole, fenbendazole, levamisol, mebendazole, oxibendazole, albendazole, triclabendazole, febantel and praziquantel) in surface water. Analytes were pre-concentrated by solid phase extraction (SPE) using hydrophilic–lipophilic polymeric based sorbent. Quantification of investigated analytes was done using deuterated compounds as internal standards in order to minimize matrix effect. Analyte recoveries from spiked samples at two concentration levels were above 75% for most of the analytes. The main advantages of developed method are fast separation using UHPLC and therefore short analysis time, combined with good sensitivity which is demonstrated by low ngL−1 detection limits. The developed method was applied for analysis of anthelmintics in the Llobregat River (NE Spain) and its main tributaries (rivers Anoia and Cardener). Eight out of ten anthelmintics were detected in all analyzed samples with the concentrations in low ngL−1 level. The method fills the gap on analytical methodologies for determination of anthelmintic drugs in the environment.