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An integrated model for assessing heavy metal exposure risk to migratory birds in wetland ecosystem: A case study in Dongting Lake Wetland, China
- Liu, Jiayu, Liang, Jie, Yuan, Xingzhong, Zeng, Guangming, Yuan, Yujie, Wu, Haipeng, Huang, Xiaolong, Liu, Junfeng, Hua, Shanshan, Li, Fei, Li, Xiaodong
- Chemosphere 2015 v.135 pp. 14-19
- Platalea leucorodia, acceptable daily intake, adverse effects, arsenic, cadmium, carnivores, case studies, chromium, copper, drinking water, ecosystems, estuaries, exposure models, fish, habitats, heavy metals, lakes, lead, mercury, migratory birds, quantitative risk assessment, risk, rivers, soil, wetlands, China
- Heavy metal contamination is present in wetland ecosystem worldwide, and quantitative risk assessment model is significant. In this study, an exposure model was integrated for assessing heavy metal exposure risk to migratory birds in Dongting Lake Wetland (DTW). The concentrations of Cr, Cu, Pb, Cd, Hg and As in water, plant, soil and fish were investigated from 9 migratory bird habitats. The results showed that exposure doses from drinking water pathways were very low. There was a sensitive area that Cd and As exposure doses exceeded the most conservative tolerable daily intake, which is located at the estuary of Xiang River. In general, Dunlin had a greater risk than Eurasian Spoonbill. Hg, Pb and Cr were likely to have adverse effect on carnivorous migrants in DTW, while Cu and Cd were considered to be relatively safe. Almost all heavy metals were at no risk for Lesser White-fronted Goose in DTW.