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The interactive biotic and abiotic processes of DDT transformation under dissimilatory iron-reducing conditions

Jin, Xin, Wang, Fang, Gu, Chenggang, Yang, Xinglun, Kengara, Fredrick O., Bian, Yongrong, Song, Yang, Jiang, Xin
Chemosphere 2015 v.138 pp. 18-24
DDD (pesticide), DDE (pesticide), DDT (pesticide), Gallionellaceae, Shewanella putrefaciens, biomass, cell viability, correlation, dechlorination, electrons, iron oxides, metabolites, models, toxicity
The objective of the study was to elucidate the biotic and abiotic processes under dissimilatory iron reducing conditions involved in reductive dechlorination and iron reduction. DDT transformation was investigated in cultures of Shewanella putrefaciens 200 with/without α-FeOOH. A modified first-order kinetics model was developed and described DDT transformation well. Both the α-FeOOH reduction rate and the dechlorination rate of DDT were positively correlated to the biomass. Addition of α-FeOOH enhanced reductive dechlorination of DDT by favoring the cell survival and generating FeII which was absorbed on the surface of bacteria and iron oxide. 92% of the absorbed FeII was Na-acetate (1M) extractable. However, α-FeOOH also played a negative role of competing for electrons as reflected by the dechlorination rate of DDT was inhibited when increasing the α-FeOOH from 1gL−1 to 5gL−1. DDT was measured to be toxic to S. putrefaciens 200. The metabolites DDD, DDE and DDMU were recalcitrant to S. putrefaciens 200. The results suggested that iron oxide was not the key factor to promote the dissipation of DDX (DDT and the metabolites), whereas the one-electron reduction potential (E1) of certain organochlorines is the main factor and that the E1 higher than the threshold of the reductive driving forces of DIRB probably ensures the occur of reductive dechlorination.