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Soil fluoride spiking effects on olive trees (Olea europaea L. cv. Chemlali)

Zouari, M., Ben Ahmed, C., Fourati, R., Delmail, D., Ben Rouina, B., Labrousse, P., Ben Abdallah, F.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2014 v.108 pp. 78-83
Olea europaea, air, fruits, irrigation water, leaves, necrosis, olives, roots, shoots, sodium fluoride, soil, toxicity, trees
A pot experiment under open air conditions was carried out to investigate the uptake, accumulation and toxicity effects of fluoride in olive trees (Olea europaea L.) grown in a soil spiked with inorganic sodium fluoride (NaF). Six different levels (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100mM NaF) of soil spiking were applied through NaF to irrigation water. At the end of the experiment, total fluoride content in soil was 20 and 1770mgFkg−1 soil in control and 100mM NaF treatments, respectively. The comparative distribution of fluoride partitioning among the different olive tree parts showed that the roots accumulated the most fluoride and olive fruits were minimally affected by soil NaF spiking as they had the lowest fluoride content. In fact, total fluoride concentration varied between 12 and 1070µgFg−1 in roots, between 9 and 570µgFg−1 in shoots, between 12 and 290µgFg−1 in leaves, and between 10 and 29µgFg−1 in fruits, respectively for control and 100mM NaF treatments. Indeed, the fluoride accumulation pattern showed the following distribution: roots>shoots>leaves>fruits. On the other hand, fluoride toxicity symptoms such as leaf necrosis and leaf drop appeared only in highly spiked soils (60, 80 and 100mM NaF).