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Chromosomal abnormalities in roots of aquatic plant Elodea canadensis as a tool for testing genotoxicity of bottom sediments

Author:
Zotina, Tatiana, Medvedeva, Marina, Trofimova, Elena, Alexandrova, Yuliyana, Dementyev, Dmitry, Bolsunovsky, Alexander
Source:
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2015 v.122 pp. 384-391
ISSN:
0147-6513
Subject:
Elodea canadensis, chromosome aberrations, freshwater, genotoxicity, macrophytes, rivers, roots, sediments
Abstract:
Submersed freshwater macrophytes are considered as relevant indicators for use in bulk bottom sediment contact tests. The purpose of this study was to estimate the validity of endpoints of aquatic plant Elodea canadensis for laboratory genotoxicity testing of natural bottom sediments. The inherent level of chromosome abnormalities (on artificial sediments) in roots of E. canadensis under laboratory conditions was lower than the percentage of abnormal cells in bulk sediments from the Yenisei River. The percentage of abnormal cells in roots of E. canadensis was more sensitive to the presence of genotoxic agents in laboratory contact tests than in the natural population of the plant. The spectra of chromosomal abnormalities that occur in roots of E. canadensis under natural conditions in the Yenisei River and in laboratory contact tests on the bulk bottom sediments from the Yenisei River were similar. Hence, chromosome abnormalities in roots of E. canadensis can be used as a relevant and sensitive genotoxicity endpoint in bottom sediment-contact tests.
Agid:
5458694