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Organohalogenated contaminants in sediments and bivalves from the Northern Arabian Gulf

Ali, Nadeem, Ali, Lulwa Naseer, Eqani, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah, Ismail, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim, Malarvannan, Govindan, Kadi, Mohammad W, Al-badry Basahi, Jalal Mohammed, Covaci, Adrian
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2015 v.122 pp. 432-439
Bivalvia, DDT (pesticide), coasts, guidelines, lipids, metabolites, monitoring, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, sediments, Kuwait, Persian Gulf
Several classes of Organohalogenated contaminants (OHCs) were determined in sediments and bivalves collected from Kuwait coast. The levels and profile of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were compared in both sediments and bivalves. PCB-153 and -138 were the major contributors towards total OHCs followed by DDT and its metabolites (DDTs). The higher contribution of DDTs (~40%) and BDE-47 (~15%) in bivalves as compared to that in associated sediments indicated high biota-sediment accumulation factors (BSAF). Higher BSAF (values for heavier PCBs, DDTs and PBDEs) also indicated their high accumulation potential from sediment into associated biota at most of the studied locations. Overall, OHCs in sediments and bivalves measured in current study were lower than those reported in the literature worldwide. Most of the sediment concentrations of OHCs (ng/g, dry weight) were in the range of permissible guideline values proposed by Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines (CSQGs), with few exceptions for DDTs (5ng/g) and PCBs (22.7ng/g). Similarly, 10% of bivalve samples contained high levels (ng/g, lipid weight) of PCBs (300) and DDTs (150) and were above the set safety benchmarks. This study establishes baseline for future monitoring programs.