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In situ measurements of tritium evapotranspiration (3H-ET) flux over grass and soil using the gradient and eddy covariance experimental methods and the FAO-56 model

Connan, O., Maro, D., Hébert, D., Solier, L., Caldeira Ideas, P., Laguionie, P., St-Amant, N.
Journal of environmental radioactivity 2015 v.148 pp. 1-9
eddy covariance, evapotranspiration, grasses, grasslands, hydrologic cycle, models, soil, tritium
The behaviour of tritium in the environment is linked to the water cycle. We compare three methods of calculating the tritium evapotranspiration flux from grassland cover. The gradient and eddy covariance methods, together with a method based on the theoretical Penmann–Monteith model were tested in a study carried out in 2013 in an environment characterised by high levels of tritium activity. The results show that each of the three methods gave similar results. The various constraints applying to each method are discussed. The results show a tritium evapotranspiration flux of around 15 mBq m−2 s−1 in this environment. These results will be used to improve the entry parameters for the general models of tritium transfers in the environment.