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Tissue-specific bioaccumulation of human and veterinary antibiotics in bile, plasma, liver and muscle tissues of wild fish from a highly urbanized region

Zhao, Jian-Liang, Liu, You-Sheng, Liu, Wang-Rong, Jiang, Yu-Xia, Su, Hao-Chang, Zhang, Qian-Qian, Chen, Xiao-Wen, Yang, Yuan-Yuan, Chen, Jun, Liu, Shuang-Shuang, Pan, Chang-Gui, Huang, Guo-Yong, Ying, Guang-Guo
Environmental pollution 2015 v.198 pp. 15-24
antibiotics, bile, bioaccumulation factor, digestion, fish consumption, human health, humans, hydrophobicity, liver, muscle tissues, risk, risk assessment, river deltas, rivers, urbanization, veterinary drugs, wild fish
We investigated the bioaccumulation of antibiotics in bile, plasma, liver and muscle tissues of wild fish from four rivers in the Pearl River Delta region. In total, 12 antibiotics were present in at least one type of fish tissues from nine wild fish species in the four rivers. The mean values of log bioaccumulation factors (log BAFs) for the detected antibiotics in fish bile, plasma, liver, and muscle tissues were at the range of 2.06–4.08, 1.85–3.47, 1.41–3.51, and 0.48–2.70, respectively. As the digestion tissues, fish bile, plasma, and liver showed strong bioaccumulation ability for some antibiotics, indicating a different bioaccumulation pattern from hydrophobic organic contaminants. Human health risk assessment based on potential fish consumption indicates that these antibiotics do not appear to pose an appreciable risk to human health. To the best of our knowledge, this is first report of bioaccumulation patterns of antibiotics in wild fish bile and plasma.