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Adsorption of perfluoroalkyl acids by carbonaceous adsorbents: Effect of carbon surface chemistry
- Zhi, Yue, Liu, Jinxia
- Environmental pollution 2015 v.202 pp. 168-176
- activated carbon, adsorbents, adsorption, anion exchange capacity, aqueous solutions, carbon fibers, carboxylic acids, correlation, drinking, drinking water, groundwater, hydrophobicity, neutralization, perfluorooctane sulfonic acid, perfluorooctanoic acid, physical properties
- Adsorption by carbonaceous sorbents is among the most feasible processes to remove perfluorooctane sulfonic (PFOS) and carboxylic acids (PFOA) from drinking and ground waters. However, carbon surface chemistry, which has long been recognized essential for dictating performance of such sorbents, has never been considered for PFOS and PFOA adsorption. Thus, the role of surface chemistry was systematically investigated using sorbents with a wide range in precursor material, pore structure, and surface chemistry. Sorbent surface chemistry overwhelmed physical properties in controlling the extent of uptake. The adsorption affinity was positively correlated carbon surface basicity, suggesting that high acid neutralizing or anion exchange capacity was critical for substantial uptake of PFOS and PFOA. Carbon polarity or hydrophobicity had insignificant impact on the extent of adsorption. Synthetic polymer-based Ambersorb and activated carbon fibers were more effective than activated carbon made of natural materials in removing PFOS and PFOA from aqueous solutions.