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Growth overcompensation against O3 exposure in two Japanese oak species, Quercus mongolica var. crispula and Quercus serrata, grown under elevated CO2

Kitao, Mitsutoshi, Komatsu, Masabumi, Yazaki, Kenichi, Kitaoka, Satoshi, Tobita, Hiroyuki
Environmental pollution 2015 v.206 pp. 133-141
Quercus mongolica, Quercus serrata, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide enrichment, dry matter partitioning, gas exchange, growing season, indigenous species, leaves, ozone, photosynthesis, root growth, seedlings, East Asia
To assess the effects of elevated concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and ozone (O3) on the growth of two mid-successional oak species native to East Asia, Quercus mongolica var. crispula and Quercus serrata, we measured gas exchange and biomass allocation in seedlings (initially 1-year-old) grown under combinations of elevated CO2 (550 μmol mol−1) and O3 (twice-ambient) for two growing seasons in an open-field experiment in which root growth was not limited. Both the oak species showed a significant growth enhancement under the combination of elevated CO2 and O3 (indicated by total dry mass; over twice of ambient-grown plants, p < .05), which probably resulted from a preferable biomass partitioning into leaves induced by O3 and a predominant enhancement of photosynthesis under elevated CO2. Such an over-compensative response in the two Japanese oak species resulted in greater plant growth under the combination of elevated CO2 and O3 than elevated CO2 alone.