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The economic impact of carbon pricing with regulated electricity prices in China—An application of a computable general equilibrium approach

Li, Ji Feng, Wang, Xin, Zhang, Ya Xiong, Kou, Qin
Energy Policy 2014 v.75 pp. 46-56
carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon markets, cost effectiveness, economic impact, electricity, electricity costs, greenhouse gas emissions, income, issues and policy, models, subsidies, China
We use a dynamic CGE model (SICGE) to assess the economic and climate impacts of emissions trading system (ETS) in China with a carbon price of 100 Yuan/ton CO2. A particular focus is given to the regulated electricity price regime, which is a major concern of electricity sector’s cost-effective participation in ETS in China. We found: (1) Carbon pricing is an effective policy for China to reduce CO2 emissions. Total CO2 emissions reduction ranges from 6.8% to 11.2% in short-term. (2) Rigid electricity price entails lower CO2 emissions reduction but can be considered as a feasible starting point to introduce carbon pricing policies in short-term as long as governmental subsidies are given to electricity production. (3) In mid- and long-term, the efficient policy is to earmark carbon revenue with competitive electricity price. We propose to use carbon revenue to reduce consumption tax in the first year of the introduction of carbon price and to use the carbon revenue to reduce production tax in following years.