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Flocculation behavior and mechanism of bioflocculant produced by Aspergillus flavus

Author:
Aljuboori, Ahmad H. Rajab, Idris, Azni, Al-joubory, Hamid Hussain Rijab, Uemura, Yoshimitsu, Ibn Abubakar, B.S.U.
Source:
Journal of environmental management 2015 v.150 pp. 466-471
ISSN:
0301-4797
Subject:
Aspergillus flavus, activated carbon, cations, flocculation, kaolin, neutralization, pH, salinity, soil, temperature, yeasts
Abstract:
In this study, the flocculation behavior and mechanism of a cation-independent bioflocculant IH-7 produced by Aspergillus flavus were investigated. Results showed 91.6% was the lowest flocculating rate recorded by IH-7 (0.5 mg L−1) at pH range 4–8. Moreover, IH-7 showed better flocculation performance than polyaluminum chloride (PAC) at a wide range of flocculant concentration (0.06–25 mg L−1), temperature (5–45 °C) and salinity (10–60% w/w). The current study found that cation addition did not significantly enhance the flocculating rate and IH-7 is a positively charged bioflocculant. These findings suggest that charge neutralization is the main flocculation mechanism of IH-7 bioflocculant. IH-7 was significantly used to flocculate different types of suspended solids such as activated carbons, kaolin clays, soil solids and yeast cells.
Agid:
5463103