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Influence of Enteromorpha polysaccharides on variation of coagulation behavior, flocs properties and membrane fouling in coagulation–ultrafiltration process

Zhao, Shuang, Gao, Baoyu, Yue, Qinyan, Sun, Shenglei, Song, Wuchang, Jia, Ruibao
Journal of hazardous materials 2015 v.285 pp. 294-303
Ulva, coagulation, effluents, fouling, polysaccharides, river water, ultrafiltration, Yellow River
Enteromorpha polysaccharides (Ep) were used as a new coagulant aid together with polyaluminum chloride (PACl) in coagulation–ultrafiltration process to purify Yellow River water. The evolution of flocs size, growth rate, strength, recoverability and fractal structure due to Ep addition were systematically studied in this paper. On this basis, membrane fouling caused by the coagulation effluents of PACl and Ep were also investigated. Results indicated that Ep addition lead to 20% increase in coagulation performance, and meanwhile generate flocs with bigger sizes, faster growth rates and higher recovery abilities. Additionally, the flocs formed by PACl presented more compact structure with a larger Df value, while much looser flocs were obtained when Ep was added. Results of ultrafiltration experiments implied that with Ep addition, membrane fouling could be significantly reduced due to large size and loosely structures of flocs in coagulation effluents. Considering both the coagulation efficiency and ultrafiltration membrane performance, 0.2mg/L Ep was determined as the optimal dosage in coagulation–ultrafiltration process in this study.